Albania performs better than most systems in the region in reading, maths and science.
These scores are close to those of some countries in Europe, such as Bulgaria, Greece and Romania.
Socio-economically advantaged students and girls perform better than boys and disadvantaged students.
Policies are needed to help all students
Compared to other regional systems, Albania has a small vocational sector. Only 11% of upper secondary students attend a vocational programme (regional average 62%).
However, roughly 72% of these students cannot read proficiently.
Selection into upper secondary programmes is
Boys are over 4x as likely to attend a
vocational upper secondary programme
than girls, the highest difference in the region.
76% of vocational students in Albania
are boys, the highest share in the region.
Is student sorting in Albania fair and
equitable? Are all students being
prepared to succeed?
More spending could contribute to higher results.
Principals in Albania reported greater concerns about resource shortages in schools with more disadvantaged students.
This trend in Albania was the highest in the
Western Balkans and much higher than the
Compared to the average across OECD
Albania tends to use more teacher-directed
And less adaptive methods that focus on
meeting students’ individual needs.
More teacher-directed instruction is associated
with lower reading performance and more
adaptive instruction is associated with higher
reading performance in
and throughout Western Balkans 5* and
*No data for North Macedonia