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Albania
Western Balkans
EU Average
OECD Average

Reading

Maths

Science
405
402
482
484
437
414
489
488
417
408
484
486

Average scores

Regional and international educational performance

Albania performs better than most systems in the region in reading, maths and science.

These scores are close to those of some countries in Europe, such as Bulgaria, Greece and Romania.

Education performance in Albania is inequitable

Socio-economically advantaged students and girls perform better than boys and disadvantaged students.

Policies are needed to help all students
succeed.

Advantaged
438
Advantaged
Girls
425
377
Disadvantaged
387
Boys

In the Western Balkans, an important driver, and reflection, of inequity is the tracking of students into general education and vocational programmes

Compared to other regional systems, Albania has a small vocational sector. Only 11% of upper secondary students attend a vocational programme (regional average 62%).

However, roughly 72% of these students cannot read proficiently.

Selection into upper secondary programmes is
not equitable:

Boys are over 4x as likely to attend a
vocational upper secondary programme
than girls, the highest difference in the region.

Boys Girls
4x

76% of vocational students in Albania
are boys, the highest share in the region.

Is student sorting in Albania fair and
equitable? Are all students being
prepared to succeed?

Advantaged Disadvantaged
image/svg+xml

Educational spending in the region is low (data for Albania is missing).

More spending could contribute to higher results.

Provision of educational resources in Albania is low and inequitable

Principals in Albania reported greater concerns about resource shortages in schools with more disadvantaged students.

This trend in Albania was the highest in the
Western Balkans and much higher than the
OECD average.

Difference in index
Advantaged
Disadvantaged

Albania

-0.36
OECD

Western Balkans

-0.45
General education
Vocational programme
-1.05

Albania

-0.36
OECD
-0.45
Western Balkans

Teaching practices in
Albania differ from
international
benchmarks

Compared to the average across OECD
countries:

And less adaptive methods that focus on
meeting students’ individual needs.

OECD average
Albania average

The practices commonly
used by teachers in
Albania are associated
with lower reading
scores

More teacher-directed instruction is associated
with lower reading performance and more
adaptive instruction is associated with higher
reading performance in

Albania

and throughout Western Balkans 5* and
OECD countries.

Difference in reading
point score

*No data for North Macedonia

Teacher-directed
instruction
Adaptive
instruction